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Cramps in Early Pregnancy

Pregnancy is the state of being that only happens in a woman. It is the period of fertilization and the development of another human being inside the woman’s womb.  It happens when a sperm and an egg unite, creating  fertilization. It happens to fertile women who underwent coitus. When a fertile woman is expecting a child, her body undergoes changes to provide space for her baby. There are lots of changes in her body, including mood swings, changes in taste, and changes in walking.

Cramps in early pregnancy

Other changes pregnant women often experience are pains, aches in the abdominal region, and cramps, especially during the early period of their pregnancy. The occurrence of cramps in early pregnancy is due to changes in the way the body functions when a woman is pregnant. It is normal and not considered harmful when she occasionally experiences abdominal cramps. However, when a pregnant woman experiences intense cramping in the abdominal region as well as cramping in other parts of her body, it might be a serious sign of a condition that needs medical attention as well as intervention.

Causes for Cramps in Early Pregnancy

The intense cramps and the occasional cramps can happen suddenly without warning, leading to a source of concern and a great deal of stress for the pregnant woman who does not understand the cause of the condition. Hence, there is a great need to correctly inform the pregnant woman to prevent confusion between what is normal and what is abnormal. The etiological reasons for cramps in early pregnancy are the following:

    • Implantation

Implantation occurs when a fertilized egg has adhered into the lining of the woman’s uterus, causing cramps in early pregnancy. Sometimes, episodes of light bleeding also occur.

    • Ectopic pregnancy

Pains and cramps in early pregnancy which may be experienced in either of the pelvis sides can lead to dizziness, spotting, and nausea. When a pregnant woman is discovered to have ectopic pregnancy, it is considered to be a medical emergency which requires the attention of a trusted and experienced physician to treat the issue.

    • Corpus luteum cyst

The corpus luteum, which is considered as a pregnancy cyst, is what is left of the follicle after a woman ovulates. The corpus luteum is responsible for hormone production and also maintains the pregnancy. Furthermore, the corpus luteum varies in size; when a person has a large corpus luteum, she may experience tenderness as well as cramps in early pregnancy. This kind of cyst is assessed during the early stage of pregnancy through the use of ultrasound. There is no need to worry for the cyst will normally resolve on its own.

    • Hormones

When a woman is pregnant, the body will produce many hormones, causing cramps in early pregnancy.  This state of cramping is normal as the body prepares for various changes, including the expansion of the body to accommodate the baby’s growth and development stages.

    • Uterus

During implantation, a significant change occurs  in the woman’s uterus. The ligaments that support the uterus stretch and expand, causing pain and cramps in early pregnancy.  The pain and cramps may also affect the hip and groin areas as well as the pelvic region.

    • Gas and constipation

During pregnancy, there is an increase of hormone relaxin, which causes pelvic girdle relaxation and possibly  constipation as well as excess gas, eventually leading to pain, bloating, pressure, and cramps in early pregnancy.

Is It Normal to Have Cramps in Early Pregnancy?

There is no need to seriously worry about cramps in early pregnancy. This is the normal response of the body to the undergoing changes.  When a woman is pregnant, hormones will become erratic and the body twinges and cramps in the abdominal region, particularly when the fertilized egg is implanted into the uterus.

Cramps in early pregnancy are not really the same as menstrual cramps for they are much milder in form. The cramps in early pregnancy happen because the ligaments that support the uterus grow and expand. Most often, there are strong cramps in early pregnancy, especially on the right side; when the baby gets much bigger, the uterus will anatomically tilt towards the right area. A visit to an obstetrician-gynecologist or physician can always help alleviate any concerns about cramping.

Cramps in Early Pregnancy Treatment

For those who are worried about experiencing cramps in early pregnancy, the good news is that they can be managed at home with home remedies such as the following:

Pharmacological intervention

Taking a mild medication such as Tylenol is a safe medication that will relieve cramping episodes.

Food consumption

Increasing the intake of fiber and water aid in the prevention of constipation episodes.

Heat therapy

      • Placing hot compression on the lower back area will alleviate cramps.
      • Indulging in hot showers or warm baths will also relax the ligaments and muscles of the uterus and relieve cramping episodes.

Relaxation therapy

      • Getting sleep and rest is another good way to manage cramps.
      • Doing meditation
      • Enrolling in yoga exercise

Such recommended and effective home remedies will help prevent and manage cramps in early pregnancy. If cramps in the abdomen with heavy spotting episodes persist, then it is best to consult a medical professional for help.

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