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Ovarian Cyst Pain

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst is a sac-like structure inside the ovary that is filled with fluid, gas, or semi solid substances. It can vary in size from a tiny structure that can only be detected under a microscope up to a size that can already displace normal organs.


ovarian cyst pain

Ovarian cyst develops depending on:

  1. Age (child-bearing years)
  2. Hormone levels
  3. Genetic predisposition
  4. Underlying disease (inflammatory conditions)
  5. Presence of infection

Ovarian Cyst Pain

Ovarian cyst pain is a common condition affecting women that inflicts distinct agonizing pain. There are two sides to this, good thing about this is that ovarian cyst is almost always benign and does not become malignant but bad thing is, no matter how small cysts are, they can cause a great amount of pain to women.

Causes of Ovarian Cyst Pain

There are various reasons why an ovarian cyst causes pain.

Functional cysts

During the menstrual cycle, a follicle, where the egg cell resides develops inside the ovary. Every month, the egg is released and the follicle is left behind and becomes corpus luteum.

Ovary Cyst pain

Follicular cyst

This kind of cyst forms when ovulation did not occur or when the follicle failed the release the egg on that specific month, the fluid stays inside the follicle and may form a cyst. When the cyst ruptures it will cause an unbearable pain on the side of the ovary where the cyst appeared. This sharp pain also called mittelschmerz occurs during ovulation. This type of pain disappears by itself within a few months.

Corpus luteum cyst

A type of functional cyst that occur after the egg is already been released from the follicle. The follicle which is left behind will become corpus luteum. If pregnancy does not occur, corpus luteum ruptures and disappears. However, in some cases, it will be filled with fluid or blood and stays inside the ovary. No other associated symptoms, just mild pain.

Ovarian cyst pain can happen because of some predisposing factors such as:

  1. Previous ovarian cyst
  2. Irregular menstrual cycle
  3. Obese
  4. Early menarche
  5. Infertility
  6. Hypothyroidism
  7. Hormonal disequilibrium

Ovarian Cyst Pain Symptoms

An ovarian cyst will cause pain if it is:

  1. Grew large
  2. Ruptured
  3. Smacked during sexual intercourse

Symptoms:

  1. Swelling of abdomen
  2. Nausea and Vomiting
  3. Pressure during urination
  4. Pelvic pain before and after a menstrual period
  5. Pelvic Pain during intercourse
  6. Pelvic pain during movement
  7. Pelvic pain during bowel elimination
  8. Vaginal pain

Ovarian Cyst Pain Diagnosis

Ovarian cyst can be suspected even just after a physical examination. Other diagnostic tests are done to confirm the presence of the cyst.

  1. Ultrasound
  2. CT scan
  3. MRI
  4. Doppler flow studies
  5. Blood tests
  6. Ca-125, this is done just to rule out cancer to women who reached their menopausal stage
  7. Hormone levels
  8. Serum HCG

Ovarian Cyst Pain Management (Treatment)

There are many available treatments to alleviate ovarian cyst pain. Although ovarian cyst is not a serious disease it greatly affects the productivity of a woman so immediate relief is crucial.

Pain relievers

Pain relievers are convenient and efficient in providing instant relief for a few hours. Many women resort to this since ovarian cyst pain hamper activities that should be done. However, this is jut temporary management to the existing condition. Examples of pain relievers that can be used are non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen or narcotic pain medications (by prescription).

Heating pad

Heat is one of the most widely used natural vasodilators because of its effectiveness and convenience. Women can use heat by having a hot bath or putting a hot water bottle to affected area for as much as tolerated will aid in relaxation and relief of pain.

Natural methods

It is known that ovarian cyst is caused by hormonal changes and insulin imbalance. In natural remedy for this kind of pain, a holistic approach is utilized. Hormones are kept to a normal levels and insulin in the body is maintained balanced. Also, symptoms are treated holistically rather than isolating and treating each of them. This method is believed to prevent and even eliminate the possibility of developing another cyst.

If all these do not alleviate the condition at hand or the pain is already severe, the last option doctors suggest is surgery. In cases of ovarian cyst rupture or torsion, surgery is inevitable. This will surely eliminate the existing ovarian cyst but it does not prevent re-growth.

Laparoscopic surgery

A laparoscopic surgery is a non-invasive procedure that uses a thin scope (laparoscope) that can pass into the abdomen. The cyst is identified through the scope and another would remove the cyst or just take a sample for laboratory testing.

Laparotomy

This is an invasive procedure in which makes an incision through the abdomen to remove the cyst. This is done under spinal anesthesia.

Ovarian Cyst Pain Complications

Ovarian cyst usually resolves by itself even without treatment. It is not a serious condition that could cause grave complications but there are still rare cases that occur like cyst that:

  1. Bleeds
  2. Ruptures
  3. Show signs of malignancy that could be cancer
  4. torsion

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