What is Liver?
The liver is the second largest and the heaviest organ in the human body. It weighs at about 3 pounds or between 1200 to 1800 grams in a normal, healthy adult and if of a reddish brownish color.
It constitutes a normal body weight of about 1.8 to 3.1 %. When you touch it, it feels rubbery and it is in the shape of a cone. It has both internal and external secretions.
Where is the Liver located in Human Body?
The liver is normally found in the upper right portion of a person’s abdominal cavity, situated underneath the diaphragm and right of the kidney, on topmost portion of the stomach. It is known to have two sources of blood supply, one for oxygenated blood and the other one, nutrient rich blood.
Others, when asked: where is the liver found? , experts would say that it is found in the right side of the person’s body and underneath the diaphragm’s last rib.
Still others when asked, where is the liver? They would answer that the liver, being an organ which is multi lobed, is found in front of the person’s abdominal cavity. Others upon questioning, where is the liver? They said that it is horizontally positioned across the front portion of one’s abdomen at the right portion.
Some books would say, to answer the question where is the liver? That it is located in the quadrant in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity. The complete anatomical answer to the answer: where is the liver? It is located beneath the lung located at the right, above the gall bladder and kidney which is located at the right, below the diaphragm and the right part of the stomach.
The liver is one of the most important organs a human has. It has several functions, such as:
- Bile production to aid in the digestive process – The liver acts to aid in fat absorption and digestion using bile salts. The liver secretes the bile and stores it in the nearby gallbladder until it is needed by the body, which is usually during meal time. The liver produces bile which ranges from 250ml up to 1L daily, depending on the total consumption of the food eaten.
- It is responsible for storing minerals, glucose and vitamins – The liver stores the glucose that the body needs as a source of energy. It stores iron, fats, copper and many other vitamins such as vitamin B12, A, D, K
- It is also responsible for the production of immune factors – Through which, it helps the body get rid of or fight off infections. There are phagocytes found in the liver, which produce the acute proteins that respond well to microbes. The protein found in the liver is associated with tissue repair, immune cell activities and the inflammatory process.
- It excretes and remove the hormones, bodyily waste, drugs and substances that are foreign to the human body – It removes them because such things are considered toxins to the body and are not needed.
- It synthesizes the proteins for plasma, which include those associated with blood clotting – The clotting factors are produced in a person’s liver. When the liver undergoes damage or disease, clot formation can take a long time.
Detoxification as one of the function of liver
In sum, just as all other organs of the body, the liver is beneficial to one’s health. Without it, our bodies could not function to the best of its ability. So by knowing this basic information, let us work to take good care of our livers.
Proofreaded on 08/12/2012
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