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Clogged Pores – Nose, Chin, Face, Home Remedies, Cleaning, Symptoms

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Pores or sebaceous follicles are the small openings in the skin that allow oils and toxins to be excreted through the integument. Pores are also responsible for regulating temperature through dilation and constriction. The presence of clogged pores involves the build-up or blockage of sebum and other dirt particles in the pores.


Clogged pores are medically termed as comedones. There are two types of clogged pores:

  • Blackheads – Blackheads, also known as open comedones, are usually black or yellow bumps located on the skin. Blackheads, which contain sebum and keratin, are pores that have been partially clogged; they  allow dirt particles to accumulate, leading to oxidation which causes the black or dark color of the comedones.

blackheads

Blackheads

  • Whiteheads – Whiteheads, which are closed comedones, remain white because they do not have an opening to cause oxidation of the materials. They contains similar materials such as sebum as the blackheads; the difference is that they are completely blocked pores.

Whitehead-Pimple-Skin-and-Cellular-View

Whitehead pimples

Clogged pores may result in acne when they have worsened. The skin may have a rough texture due to the presence of small bumps in the pores.

The causes of clogged pores is not directly related to poor hygiene. Specific causes of blocked pores include the entrapment of oil in the pores as a result of build-up of sebum. Build-up of sebum occurs when the sebaceous glands have increased production. The activity of the sebaceous gland is directly affected by the presence of androgen testosterone.

An increase in testosterone level increases the activity of the sebaceous gland, leading to an increase in oil production. Men have higher incidences of clogged pores due to active sebaceous glands as a result of high testosterone levels.

There is also an increase in the production of sebum in women with high testosterone levels. Many women take oral contraceptive pills with anti-androgenic properties to reduce the appearance of comedones and acne.

Clogged pores usually occur in areas of the body where there is a greater number of sebaceous glands such as in the following sites:

  • Clogged pores on the nose – The nose is one of the most common sites for the presence of comedones. It is also one of the common sites where comedones are more evident because the surface of the nose is usually smooth. People with blackheads are able to remove the blackheads on the area due to their accessibility.
  • Clogged pores on the face – The rest of the face may also have comedones since sebaceous glands are most prevalent on the face. Furthermore, the face is also exposed to environmental toxins and dirt, making it an ideal area for clogged pores.

clogged pores on nose

Clogged Pores on face

  • Clogged pores on the forehead – The forehead may also have comedones; however, it is more uncommon than the nose and the area around it. The T-zone on the face comprises the forehead which forms the top of the T, the nose, the area around the mouth, and the chin, which forms the end of the tail. A high level of sebum secretions are found on the forehead.
  • Clogged pores on the chin – The chin is also a site for clogged pores because it is usually where sweat flows.

Other causes of comedones include pores that are larger than usual. Large pores, which are a result of aging or excessive exposure to the sun, increase the chance of building up more sebum in the area.

Furthermore, genetics is also a factor for having large pores.
Cleanliness has been an important factor for removing and preventing the occurrence of clogged pores.

Poor hygiene is not a direct cause of comedones, but it can precipitate the accumulation of sebum and dirt when the face is not cleaned regularly.

Treatment of Clogged Pores

The primary treatment for clogged pores is extraction. It can be performed in a dermatologic clinic or at home. Extraction of blackheads and whiteheads involve a steam bath to dilate the pores and a comedone extractor to remove the clogged particles. The extractor is used by pressing it on the clogged pore to remove the particles out from the pores.

How to Clean Clogged Pores?

How to clean clogged pores without extraction is one of the questions people have when it comes to their face. Besides manual extraction, other procedures can be done to clear the pores. These include the following:

  • Exfoliation – Exfoliation involves the removal of dead skin cells from the surface of the skin with the use of exfoliants. Exfoliant cleansers may be used to polish the skin and remove pore clogging impurities. Exfoliation should only be done two to three times a week because frequent exfoliation may result in more oil production as the skin compensates for the loss of oil from the procedure.
  • Salicylic acid – Salicylic acid is a substance used to control skin cell growth. This substance cleans the skin and prevent pore clogging. Salicylic acid can be placed over the areas of the face which have high sebum production such as the T-spot.
  • Microdermabrasion –  Microdermabrasion uses abrasive materials to remove the upper layer of dead skin cells and comedones that occur on the skin in order to reveal a natural glow of healthy skin.
  • Comedone remover gun – A comedone remover gun is a vacuum-like device that uses suction to remove blackheads or whiteheads from the skin. This is a non-invasive method and is also less painful than the use of a comedone extractor.

Home Remedies for Clogged Pores

Home remedies for clogged pores are also beneficial and involves herbal preparations and organic substances to remove pore clogging impurities. These remedies include the following:

  • Parsley – The liquid that is strained from soaking parsley in boiling water can be applied to the face as a compress.
  • Thyme – Thyme has antibacterial properties which help prevent and manage clogged pores. A mixture of  dried thyme and water can be used to rinse the face after cleaning.
  • Baking soda – Baking soda can also be used to clear the pores. A paste made with baking soda and water can be applied to the face. Baking soda should be rinsed immediately because it is abrasive and may cause skin irritation.
  • Others – Oats, fruit grains, and sugar are also effective remedies to remove blackheads. These can be used to exfoliate the skin to reveal a glowing skin.

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