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Candida Albicans – Symptoms, Treatment, Diet, Causes

What is Candida Albicans?

This kind of microorganism, normally seen in the guts, is considered to be a normal flora. The problem only arises when this microorganism migrates to other areas which are foreign to them. The candida albicana, which grows as filamentous and yeast cells, is an opportunistic diploid kind of fungus which may lead to negative symptoms such as gas, joint pain, weight gain, and fatigue. Furthermore, it is known to be an opportunistic kind because it leads to genital and oral infections in humans. Under certain circumstances, candida albicans can cause an infection, especially if it invades other areas or systems of the body when the immune system is weak, i.e., the defense against the invasion of other bacteria is lower than usual. When this opportunistic infection becomes a medical diagnosis, it is called candidiasis.


candida albicans

Candida Albicans Morphology

Regarding the morphology of candida albicans, this kind of microorganism transforms itself from yeast to form true hyphal and pseudohypa cells. During this transformation, the yeast transforms to a filamentous form which is associated with virulence. In order to develop a treatment against this opportunistic microorganism, one must understand the molecular aspect of how the yeast converts into filamentous forms. Throughout the transformation, the microorganism uses its pathway, particularly the signal transduction which is very vital in the development of both the pseudohyphae and the hyphae. Examples of this signal transduction pathway are MAPK and cAMP. In addition, the transformation also has key transcriptional regulators which are vital in transcription changes and regulatory roles.

This kind of microorganism is identified by its maximum diameter and length as well as the septal diameter which is determined by a morphological index and mathematical ratio. Many scientists have studied the morphological aspect of this microorganism. They have tried to do a staining technique with fluorescence microscopy to determine the process in which this fungus transforms. Others have done experimentation with the use of beads, particularly polystyrene beads; through the microscope, the distance between the bead and the apex and vice versa is measured. According to the research, this fungus is round in size, and with the absence of the transformation process or general expansion phase, the hyphae is parallel-sided and elongated in shape. However, the pseudohyphal’s shape is still unknown.

Candida Albicans Symptoms

The symptoms and signs of candida albicans vary and depend on the area or location that is inflicted with the infection.

  • In adults and infants, they manifest the following symptoms:
    • Oral thrush
    • Beefy red tongue
    • Painful rashes
    • Itchy rashes
    • Red flat rashes
  • In women, the following symptoms are commonly reported:
    • Vaginitis
    • Cottage-cheese like discharges
    • Pain during coitus or sexual intercourse
    • Burning during urination
    • Decreased libido or sexual drive
  • In people who have a weak immune system, the following symptoms occur:
    • Esophagitis
    • Dehydration problems
    • Pain in the uppermost part of the abdomen
    • Vomiting
    • Nausea
    • Fever
    • Mentality changes in mentality (especially when it is present in the blood stream)
    • Learning difficulties
  • Others would manifest the following symptoms:
    • Headaches
    • Abdominal bloating
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • Itching in the rectal area
    • Inability to concentrate
    • Diarrhea
    • Acne
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Sinus inflammation
    • Eczema
    • Poor memory recall
    • Athlete’s foot
    • Thrush
    • Acid reflux
    • Indigestion
    • Chronic pain
    • Food allergies
    • Ear infection
    • Muscular weakness
    • Nail infection
    • Sinusitis

Candida Albicans Causes

First and foremost, it is important to stress that this fungus or yeast is already present in the body system, i.e., in the intestines. It becomes opportunistic once it invades to other body systems where it is not supposed to present. There are reasons which increase the chance of the yeast growth of the yeast, and these include the following:

  • Excess intake of antibiotics
  • Cancer medications
  • Steroid medications
  • Birth control medication
  • Tight clothing
  • Hot weather
  • Diabetic condition
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking

The medications mentioned here are those that weaken the immune system weak, causing a higher risk for the fungus or yeast to invade other systems of the body.

Candida Albicans Tests

People who are suspected of having this opportunistic fungus will have to undergo diagnostic tests such as:

  • Physical examination
  • Medical history
  • Laboratory tests like:
    • Blood cultures
    • Candida antibody blood test
    • Wound cultures
    • Tissue biopsy
    • Electrodermal test
    • Stool test
    • Speculum test

Candida Albicans Treatments

Naturally this kind of fungus is not considered dangerous. It becomes dangerous when it spreads to the blood stream and other organs where it is not normally found. Hence, treatments are given such as:

Antifungal medications

This is the primary medication prescribed to people who are suffer from such fungal infection. An example of antifungal medication is the azole group of medications, drugs that end with –azole. They function as a blockage of the ergosterol, which is an important cell wall in the yeast family.

Antibiotics

It is given when a person has a very serious infection. It is often done through the intravenous route.

Candida albicans diet

To treat this disease condition, experts suggest that the candida albicans diet, which consists of a a list of foods and beverages that should be avoided and those that should be consumed, should be taken. Following this diet for the first time may not show quick results because it often takes for about four weeks to be able to see the results.

The foods and beverages that need to be avoided are as follows:

  • Soda
  • Refined wheat flour
  • Fruit juice
  • Refined sugar
  • Milk
  • Refined white rice
  • Alcoholic beverages such as wine and beer
  • Honey
  • Pastries
  • Gluten-rich foods
  • Peanuts
  • Packaged foods
  • Processed foods
  • Foods high in yeast

The foods and beverages that are not mentioned here are the ones that can be consumed.

Candida Albicans Infection

Candida albicans infection, known as candidiasis and yeast or fungal infection, is also called moniliasis, oidiomycosis, and candidosis. Most often, it is caused by the candida albicans, a normal flora or bacteria that are seen in the digestive system. As mentioned earlier, it becomes an infection if it invades other organs. There are actually different types of candida albicans such as candida dubliniensis, candida krusei, candida lusitaniae, candida parapsilosis, candida milleri, candida glabrata, and candida albicans.

Candida Albicans in Men

Men are not immune from this disease condition. When a man has a candida albicans infection, the mouth, skin, and penis are commonly inflicted. It is common condition in men; however; it is not talked about that much.

The men who have such condition will manifest the following symptoms:

  • Red rash
  • White lesions on the penis’ head
  • Itchy feeling
  • Flaking skin
  • Painful coitus
  • Loss of libido
  • Bad breath
  • White coated tongue
  • Dysphagia or problems in swallowing
  • Eczema
  • Lesions

The causative agent in men is the same in women, namely, the yeast fungus-like microorganism called candida albicans. The treatment for men, which is the same for women, is mostly antifungal medications. A physician needs to be consulted to receive such prescribed medications.

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